The JCIO list of synagogues set on fire or otherwise destroyed during 9-10 November 1938 in Germany and later, c. 1940

It is 85 years since the Kristallnacht (also known as the November Pogrom), the attack on the Jewish communities of Germany and Austria on 9-10 November 1938. The Nazis and their supporters murdered hundreds of Jews, carried out thousands of violent attacks, arrested around 30,000 Jewish men and incarcerated them in concentration camps, and ransacked Jewish homes and businesses. 

Across the Reich, synagogues were targeted in arson and other attacks.

The Jewish Central Information Office (JCIO), the Library’s predecessor organisation, in Amsterdam and later in London, worked to document the events of Kristallnacht.

This exhibition draws upon a set of documents from our archives that relate to efforts by the JCIO and later The Wiener Library to gather evidence about the attacks on synagogues in Germany and Austria. 

All documents are from Wiener Holocaust Library Collections.