Margarete Kraus, a Czech Roma who was sent to Auschwitz.
Wiener Holocaust Library Collections.

The genocide carried out against the Roma and Sinti communities of Europe by the Nazis and their collaborators during the Second World War – the persecution and murder of as many as 500,000 people – has been referred to as ‘the forgotten Holocaust’ by Professor Eve Rosenhaft. After the war, survivors and relatives of victims struggled to get recognition and compensation for the persecution and losses they had suffered. In Britain and Europe today, prejudice and discrimination against Roma and Sinti is still common. 

Our exhibition, Forgotten Victims: The Nazi Genocide of the Roma and Sinti, draws upon The Wiener Holocaust Library’s collections of material on the genocide to uncover the story of this little-known aspect of Nazi persecution. Our archives hold a wide range of relevant materials including eye-witness accounts, photographs, documents and books.

The exhibition explores Roma and Sinti life in Germany and Austria prior to the Second World War, and genocidal policies starting in German-occupied Poland in 1940. It also examines the post-war lives and legacies for Roma and Sinti, who fought to obtain recognition and compensation for their oppression. Finally, the exhibition reflects on the situation in Britain and Europe today and why Roma and Sinti have often been the ‘forgotten victims’ of genocide.

The Wiener Holocaust Library are delighted to announce that a version of our exhibition, Forgotten Victims: The Nazi Genocide of the Roma and Sinti, is being launched by the United Nations to mark Roma Holocaust Memorial Day 2020. You can explore the full online version here

Exhibition Catalogue

Forgotten Victims Event Series

The exhibition run included a series of events designed to amplify themes in the exhibition.

  • Touring Exhibition Launch: Roma Stories. 26 November 2019
  • The Romani Genocide and its Aftermath: The Uses of the Past Workshop co-organised with the AHRC Research Network and the University of Liverpool. 6-7 November 2019
  • Keynote Lecture: Recording Romani Lives: The Use and Abuse of History for the Marginalized. Professor Ari Joskowicz. 6 November 2019
  • Talk: The Rescue and Self-Rescue of Roma and Jews in Ukraine during the Holocaust. Hanna Abakunova. 9 March 2020

Press Coverage

We have been delighted to receive the following press coverage for this exhibition: 

With thanks to the Roma Support GroupRené CassinHolocaust Memorial Day Trust and the University of Liverpool for their support on this project.