Even though the British public were shocked by the actions of the November Pogrom (Kristallnacht) in Germany and the nation stood together against national socialist Germany after the beginning of the Second World War, antisemitic stereotypes, conspiracy legacies and even anti-Jewish violence were common in the United Kingdom in the 1930s and 1940s.

That many contemporaries, Jews and Gentiles, thought of this as an urgent and rising danger, is shown in The Wiener Library’s large pamphlet collection on defense against antisemitism. The authors came from the Jewish community as well as Christian, liberal and socialist perspectives. As this exhibition shows, explanations for the phenomenon and especially the counter strategies varied widely.

This exhibition was produced by the Wiener Library’s intern Charlotte Langenkamp and is part of her research project “Counter Propaganda: Strategies to combat Antisemitism in the UK before and during the Second World War”. She studies at the Center for Research on Antisemitism in Berlin.